Tag Archive | english

HMJ phonetic symbols of the English word, ‘courage’

HMJ phonetic symbols of the English word, ‘courage’ are as follows.

cour·age

[kəriʤ]

[크어얼.이( )]
…………..쥐

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The explanation of fourteen u.p.s. (publishing first in the world)

Bruce publishes this article titled ‘The explanation of fourteen u.p.s.’ on HMJ phonetics’ Facebook page(http://www.facebook.com/hmjphonetics) and WordPress blog (hmjphonetics.wordpress.com) firstly in the world.

 

< The explanation of fourteen u.p.s. >

 (1) eight consonants

[ㄱ] : It is like the middle sound of [g] ([( )]) in English.

……………………………………………..그

[ㄴ] : It is like the final sound of [n] ([은]) in English.

[ㄷ] : It is like the initial sound of [d] ([드]) in English.

[ㄹ] : It is like the final sound of [l] ([을]) in English.

[ㅁ] : It is like the final sound of [m] ([음]) in English.

[ㅂ] : It is like the initial sound of [b] ([브]) in English.

[ㅅ] : It is like the initial sound of [s] ([스]) in English.

[ㅈ] : It is like the second sound of [ʤ] ([( )]) in English.

………………………………………………쥐

 

(2) six vowels

[ㅏ] : It is like [ɑ] in English.

[ㅓ] : It is like [ə] in English.

[ㅗ] : It is like [ɔ] in English.

[ㅜ] : It is like [u] in English.

[ㅡ] : It is like the final sound of [p]([프]), [s]([스]), [d]([드]) and [t]([트]) in English.

[ㅣ] : It is like [i] in English.

 

The linguistically weird coincidence by HMJ phonetics

Bruce publishes this article titled ‘The linguistically weird coincidence by HMJ phonetics’ on both HMJ phonetics’ Facebook page(http://www.facebook.com/hmjphonetics) and WordPress blog(https://hmjphonetics.wordpress.com) on June 6, 2014 firstly in the world.

The original sounds of ‘je’ in French which means ‘I’ in English are as follows.

je

[ʒe]

[(  )에]
..쥐
..으

And the original sounds of ‘제(‘저’ or ‘나’ in Korean)’ in Korean which means ‘I’ in English are as follows.

[제]

As we can know it above that the original sounds of both of ‘je’ and ‘제’ contain both [ㅈ] and [ㅔ], both of sounds’ etymology would be the same, [제].

Comparison [g] in English with the sound of ‘ㄱ’ in Korean by HMJ phonetics

 The original sounds of [g] in English and the sound of ‘ㄱ’ in Korean by HMJ phonetics are as follows.

[g]

 

[( )]

그   ——-> three ultimate particles of sounds, that is, [(  )], [ㄱ] and [ㅡ]

 

The sound of ‘ㄱ’ in Korean

[ㄱ]  ——> one ultimate particle of sounds

 

Therefore, [g] ≠ the sound of ‘ㄱ’ in Korean.

The perfect edition of [r] in English by HMJ phonetics

 The perfect edition of [r] in English by HMJ phonetics was published firstly in the world on Bruce’s internet cafe, BKC(http://cafe.daum.net/blakeenglish)  on Oct. 23, 2009.  Its exact address is http://cafe.daum.net/blakeenglish/LA0P/81

 

< [r] in English having 5 phonetic values >

 

(1) [r] followed by an IPA phonetic vowel (American English)

An enunciator pronounces

[(  )]

as a glide at the end of his tongue, softly pushing the end of his tongue forwards to a point a little separated from the articulate point of a gum untouching a palate in a little concave position of a tongue, after bending his tongue concavely by pulling the end of his tongue back untouching a palate.

ex) re·m′em·ber   [rim′embər]   [(  )이.음′에음.브어얼]

…………………………………….루

 

[o] in [r] by IPA phonetics is automatically derived during pronounced because the position of a tongue is like [오]’s (or [ɔ]’s).

But as it is not an original sound, it should not be written in the brackets. 

 

(2) [r] followed by an IPA phonetic vowel (British English)

An enunciator pronounces

[(  )]

as a fricative at the end of his tongue separating the end of his tongue a little from the articulate point of a gum.

 

ex) real   [riəl]   [(  )이어을]

…………………루

 

(3) [r] unfollowed by an IPA phonetic vowel (American English) 

An enunciator pronounces

[얼]

at the back part of his tongue after bending his tongue convexly upwards. [r] unfollowed by an IPA phonetic vowel is generally pronounced [어얼] or [어:얼] together with [어] or [어:] corresponding to [ə] or [ə:] respectively. Then he pronounces [어얼] or [어:얼] ([ər] or [ə:r] respectively) at the back part of his tongue after bending his tongue convexly upwards. 

ex) man·ner   [m′ænər]   [음′에.은어얼]

 world    [wə:rld]    [우어:얼을드] 

 

(4) [r] followed by an IPA phonetic vowel (British English)

[r] is a silent syllable. 

ex) re·mem·ber    [rim′embə]     [(  )이.음′에음.브어]

……………………………………..루

 

(5) [r] between IPA phonetic vowels like in ‘water’ or ‘letter’ (American English)

An enunciator

[( )]

pronounces at the articulate point of a gum.

ex) wa·ter   [w′ɔ:tər]    [우′오:.(  )어얼]

…………………………………루

 

let·ter    [l′etər]     [을′에.(  )어얼]

…………………………..루

 

※ The original sound in round brackets was discovered firstly by Rick Kim or Seung-Eun Oh (the authors of the book, ‘릭 킴의 미국 영어 발음 무작정 따라하기’, 1999, printed by ‘길벗’ in Korea.) . So it was not written for his(their) copyright. For reference, it is one of u.p.s..