Tag Archive | phonetic

A phonogram is a phonetic symbol and a phonetic symbol a phonogram

A phonogram is a phonetic symbol and a phonetic symbol a phonogram. So the best phonograms in the world, Han-Geul that is Korean letters is the best phonetic symbols. – In the thesis of ‘Hoon Min Jung phonetics’

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The original sounds of the Spanish word, ‘tierra’

 The original sounds of the Spanish word, ‘tierra’ are as follows.

 

tierra

[tj′e.ra]

[트′이에.(  )아]

…………르

…………르

…………르

Surprisingly, [r] in Spanish has four HMJ phonetic syllables.

[ㅏ,ㅓ,ㅗ,ㅜ,ㅡ,ㅣ] equal [아,어,오,우,으,이]

 HMJ phonetic vowels [ㅏ,ㅓ,ㅗ,ㅜ,ㅡ,ㅣ] are written [아,어,오,우,으,이] respectively when they don’t combine a consonant(s) of an initial sound. That is, [ㅇ] has no value of a sound. And [ㅇ] is like zero.

 

The perfect edition of [r] in English by HMJ phonetics

 The perfect edition of [r] in English by HMJ phonetics was published firstly in the world on Bruce’s internet cafe, BKC(http://cafe.daum.net/blakeenglish)  on Oct. 23, 2009.  Its exact address is http://cafe.daum.net/blakeenglish/LA0P/81

 

< [r] in English having 5 phonetic values >

 

(1) [r] followed by an IPA phonetic vowel (American English)

An enunciator pronounces

[(  )]

as a glide at the end of his tongue, softly pushing the end of his tongue forwards to a point a little separated from the articulate point of a gum untouching a palate in a little concave position of a tongue, after bending his tongue concavely by pulling the end of his tongue back untouching a palate.

ex) re·m′em·ber   [rim′embər]   [(  )이.음′에음.브어얼]

…………………………………….루

 

[o] in [r] by IPA phonetics is automatically derived during pronounced because the position of a tongue is like [오]’s (or [ɔ]’s).

But as it is not an original sound, it should not be written in the brackets. 

 

(2) [r] followed by an IPA phonetic vowel (British English)

An enunciator pronounces

[(  )]

as a fricative at the end of his tongue separating the end of his tongue a little from the articulate point of a gum.

 

ex) real   [riəl]   [(  )이어을]

…………………루

 

(3) [r] unfollowed by an IPA phonetic vowel (American English) 

An enunciator pronounces

[얼]

at the back part of his tongue after bending his tongue convexly upwards. [r] unfollowed by an IPA phonetic vowel is generally pronounced [어얼] or [어:얼] together with [어] or [어:] corresponding to [ə] or [ə:] respectively. Then he pronounces [어얼] or [어:얼] ([ər] or [ə:r] respectively) at the back part of his tongue after bending his tongue convexly upwards. 

ex) man·ner   [m′ænər]   [음′에.은어얼]

 world    [wə:rld]    [우어:얼을드] 

 

(4) [r] followed by an IPA phonetic vowel (British English)

[r] is a silent syllable. 

ex) re·mem·ber    [rim′embə]     [(  )이.음′에음.브어]

……………………………………..루

 

(5) [r] between IPA phonetic vowels like in ‘water’ or ‘letter’ (American English)

An enunciator

[( )]

pronounces at the articulate point of a gum.

ex) wa·ter   [w′ɔ:tər]    [우′오:.(  )어얼]

…………………………………루

 

let·ter    [l′etər]     [을′에.(  )어얼]

…………………………..루

 

※ The original sound in round brackets was discovered firstly by Rick Kim or Seung-Eun Oh (the authors of the book, ‘릭 킴의 미국 영어 발음 무작정 따라하기’, 1999, printed by ‘길벗’ in Korea.) . So it was not written for his(their) copyright. For reference, it is one of u.p.s..

 

 

 

Gangnam Style

* Analysis of Psy’s song, ‘Gangnam Style’ by HMJ phonetics

 

– English

Gang·nam Style

[gæŋnam stail]

[( )에응.은아음 스트아이을] –> eleven HMJ phonetic syllables

※ The original sound in round brackets is not written for Rick Kim’s copyright. He discovered it first. It is one of u.p.s..

 

– Psy’s original Korean pronunciation

강남 스타일

[강.남 스.타.일] –> five HMJ phonetic syllables 

 Psy’s Korean pronunciation has just ‘five’ syllables. That’s one of reasons why his pronunciations are heard attractively to western people.

 

※ ‘오빤 강남 스타일’ in lyrics 

 This is a shortened form of ‘오빠는 강남 스타일’ in Korean. ‘오빠’ originally means a term of respect with which a girl calls her elder brother in Korea. But it is often used a term of respect with which a girl calls her older ‘boy friend’ of in Korea. In the music video Psy is Hyun-Ah’s older boy friend. And he wants to show himself off in front of her. It’s so funny~. ‘는’ marks that ‘오빠’ is a subject of the sentence. 

 [ㅃ] is a fortis of [ㅂ]. Koreans tends to pronounce much stronger than western people do. They also like very spicy food. Which means that they have hot temper. This also relates to their linguistic habit.

 

오빤 강남 스타일( I who am your older boy friend am a man in Gangnam style.)

[오.빤 강.남 스.타.일]–> seven HMJ phonetic syllables

Psy has told it in an interview that he chose seven syllable words on purpose to give strong rhythm to his song. We all know the result well.

Both [s] and [ɵ] in English and the pronunciation of ‘스’ in Korean

 Both [s] and [ɵ] in English and the pronunciation of ‘스’ in Korean have [스] in common as phonetic symbols in HMJ phonetics. Because their original sound is [스] ‘equally’. The difference among them is that their articulate point, articulate method, etc. are different from one another respectively.

 In HMJ phonetics an articulate point, an articulate method, etc. are described saparated from a phonetics symbol(s). Because an original sound(s) is the most important in a certain sound. 

                          – in the thesis of ‘Hoon Min Jung phonetics the second edition’