Tag Archive | syllable

The meaning of a ‘syllabic consonant’ in IPA phonetics is totally different from the one of a ‘consonantic syllable’ in HMJ phonetics

The meaning of a ‘syllabic consonant’ in IPA phonetics is totally different from the one of a ‘consonantic syllable’ in HMJ phonetics -Bruce

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The original sounds of the Spanish word, ‘tierra’

 The original sounds of the Spanish word, ‘tierra’ are as follows.

 

tierra

[tj′e.ra]

[트′이에.(  )아]

…………르

…………르

…………르

Surprisingly, [r] in Spanish has four HMJ phonetic syllables.

The definitions of HMJ phonetics

< The definitions of Hoon Min Jung phonetics >

 

1. ultimate particle of sounds

 An ‘ultimate particle of sounds’ means a common component of sounds unable to be divided further which are heard similarly with each other(one another).

2. original sound 

 An ‘original sound’ means a sound pronounced originally at the articulate point.

3. syllable 

 A ‘syllable’ is the smallest unit of a sound that can be pronounced by itself.

4. consonant 

 A ‘consonant’ is a sound unable to be divided further which can not be pronounced without a vowel(s) as a component of a syllable.

5. vowel 

 A ‘vowel’ is a sound unable to be divided further which can be pronounced by itself as a component of a syllable.

 

Gangnam Style

* Analysis of Psy’s song, ‘Gangnam Style’ by HMJ phonetics

 

– English

Gang·nam Style

[gæŋnam stail]

[( )에응.은아음 스트아이을] –> eleven HMJ phonetic syllables

※ The original sound in round brackets is not written for Rick Kim’s copyright. He discovered it first. It is one of u.p.s..

 

– Psy’s original Korean pronunciation

강남 스타일

[강.남 스.타.일] –> five HMJ phonetic syllables 

 Psy’s Korean pronunciation has just ‘five’ syllables. That’s one of reasons why his pronunciations are heard attractively to western people.

 

※ ‘오빤 강남 스타일’ in lyrics 

 This is a shortened form of ‘오빠는 강남 스타일’ in Korean. ‘오빠’ originally means a term of respect with which a girl calls her elder brother in Korea. But it is often used a term of respect with which a girl calls her older ‘boy friend’ of in Korea. In the music video Psy is Hyun-Ah’s older boy friend. And he wants to show himself off in front of her. It’s so funny~. ‘는’ marks that ‘오빠’ is a subject of the sentence. 

 [ㅃ] is a fortis of [ㅂ]. Koreans tends to pronounce much stronger than western people do. They also like very spicy food. Which means that they have hot temper. This also relates to their linguistic habit.

 

오빤 강남 스타일( I who am your older boy friend am a man in Gangnam style.)

[오.빤 강.남 스.타.일]–> seven HMJ phonetic syllables

Psy has told it in an interview that he chose seven syllable words on purpose to give strong rhythm to his song. We all know the result well.

The period in brackets shows each language’s syllable.

 The period in brackets shows not an HMJ phonetic syllable but each language’s syllable.

 So in the article, ‘Comparision Korean with English by IPA phonetics’ on May 25, 2014 the part of ‘meaning an HMJ phonetic syllable’ was modified into ‘marking a Korean phonetic syllable’.

 

Comparison Korean with English by HMJ phonetics

“나는 당신을 사랑합니다.(I love you.)”

[나.는.  당.신.을.  사.랑.합.니.다]  —-> ‘ten’ Korean phonetic syllables or ‘ten’ HMJ phonetic syllables

 

“I love you. (나는 당신을 사랑합니다.)”

[아이 을어브 이우:]  —-> ‘three’ IPA phonetic syllables or ‘seven’ HMJ phonetic syllables

 

* Take a careful look on those periods marking a Korean phonetic syllable and readers can know why a Korean phonetic syllable is heard shorter than an IPA phonetic one to people who speak an alphabetical language as a mother tongue. The period is more frequent in Korean than in English. A Korean phonetic syllable is generally pronounced during a shoter time than an IPA phonetic syllable is. Because an IPA phonetic consonant is an HMJ phonetic syllable, it is pronounced during a longer time than a Korean phonetic consonant being an HMJ phonetic consonant is. It is very interesting to compare languages one another by HMJ phonetics.